Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

  • It is an International Environmental Treaty
  • It is a UN Treaty
  • Open for signature in 2001 in Stockholm
  • Became effective in 2004
  • It aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants
  • Signatories : 152
  • Parties : 180
  • India is a party to this treaty
  • US is not a party to this treaty
  • Why regulate POPs?
    • POPs are chemical substances that:
      • Persist in the environment
      • Bio-accumulate through the food web
      • Pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment
  • Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS) and the International Programme for Chemical Safety (IPCS) prepared a list, known as the Dirty Dozen :
    • Eight organochlorine pesticides: aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, mirex and toxaphene;
    • Two industrial chemicals: hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) group; and
    • Two groups of industrial by-products: dioxins and furans.
  • POPs can be reviewed and added to the convention, if they meet certain criteria for persistence and transboundary threat i.e. list of POPs can change and evolve over time.
  • There is provision that developed countries provide new and additional financial resources and measures to minimise/regulate POPs to developing nations.

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