State of World Population Report 2021 – UPSC Prelims

  • The State of World Population is an annual report published by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
  • Focus of the Report: Bodily autonomy is the first time the focus of the report. Bodily autonomy defined as the power and agency to make choices about your body without fear of violence or having someone else decide for you.
  • Examples of Violation of Bodily Autonomy: Some examples of violation of bodily autonomy include:
    • child marriage
    • female genital mutilation
    • lack of contraceptive choices leading to unplanned pregnancy,
    • unwanted sex exchanged for a home and food
    • when people with diverse sexual orientations and gender identities cannot walk down a street without fear of assault or humiliation.
Key Findings of the Report:
  • Nearly half the women from 57 developing countries do not have the right to make decisions regarding their bodies. Decisions including using contraception, seeking healthcare, or even on their sexuality.
  • Choices over Health Care: Only 55% of women are fully empowered to make choices over health care, contraception, and the ability to say yes or no to sex.
  • Maternity Care: Only 71% of countries guarantee access to overall maternity care
  • Access to Contraception: Only 75% of countries legally ensure full, equal access to contraception.
  • Sexual health: Only about 80% of countries have laws supporting sexual health and well-being.
  • Sexuality Education: Only about 56% of countries have laws and policies supporting comprehensive sexuality education.
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