Simlipal National Park – UPSC Prelims

Simplipal National Park:
  • Simlipal National Park is national park and a tiger reserve in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.
  • It is part of Similipal-Kuldiha-Hadgarh Elephant Reserve popularly known as Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve.
  • Simlipal National Park derives its name from the abundance of semul (red silk cotton trees) that bloom here.
  • It was the second largest national park in India.
  • Its reserve is part of UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2009.
  • The park has protected area of 845.70 square kilometres and has some beautiful waterfalls like Joranda and Barehipani.
  • It is home to 99 royal Bengal tigers and 432 wild elephants.
  • Besides it is famous for gaurs (Indian bison), chausingha as well as an orchidarium.

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