Shukrayaan Mission – UPSC Prelims

Shukrayaan Mission:
  • It is a mission to study Venus for more than four years.
  • The satellite is planned to be launched in either 2024 or 2026 onboard GSLV Mk II rocket.
  • Significance of studying Venus:
    • Venus is often described as the twin sister of the Earth because of the similarities in size, mass, density, bulk composition and gravity.
    • It is believed that both planets share a common origin, forming at the same time out of a condensing nebulosity around 4.5 billion years ago.
    • Venus is around 30 per cent closer to the Sun as compared to Earth resulting in much higher solar flux.
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