Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

  • It is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation
  • Founded in 2001 in Shanghai
  • 8 members:
    • China,
    • Kazakhstan,
    • Kyrgyzstan,
    • Russia,
    • Tajikistan,
    • Uzbekistan,
    • India and
    • Pakistan
  • SCO evolved from Shanghai Five (All above minus Uzbekistan)
  • On July 10, 2015, the SCO decided to admit India and Pakistan as full members, and they joined as full members in 2017.
  • Main activities: cooperation on security, military activities, and economic and cultural cooperation.
  • Member countries are rich in energy resources (both fossil fuels and uranium)
  • Members represent over 40% of humanity and nearly 20% of the global GDP.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.
  • The Republic of Tajikistan has assumed chairmanship of SCO for 2021-22.
  • HQ : Beijing, China
  • Map (Taken from Wikipedia. Not up to scale. For educational purpose only):

Latest Summit:
  • Virtually. Hosted by India.

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