SDG India Index 2020-21 – UPSC Prelims

SDG India Index:
  • The SDG India Index was launched in 2018 by NITI Aayog.
  • It was developed in collaboration with the United Nations.
  • Aim: The index aims to instil competition among States to improve their performance across social indices to achieve SDG Goals.
  • Indicators Covered: The third edition of the index covered 16 SDG Goals on 115 quantitative indicators.
  • In 2018, around 13 SDG goals with 62 indicators were covered.
Key Findings of the SDG India Index 2020-21:
  • India’s overall SDG score improved by 6 points from 60 in 2019 to 66 in 2020-21.
  • This is due to improvement in providing facilities including clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy among others.
  • Categories: Currently, there are no states in the aspirant and achiever category. Around 15 states/UTs are in the performer category and 22 states/UTs in the front runner category.
  • States:
    • Kerala has topped the index with a score of 75.
    • It was followed by Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu with a score of 74.
    • Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam were the worst-performing states in the SDG India index.
    • UTs: Chandigarh maintained its top spot among the UTs with a score of 79, followed by Delhi (68).
    • Top Gainers: Mizoram, Haryana and Uttarakhand are the top gainers in 2020-21 in terms of improvement in score from 2019.
How are states ranked & classified?
  • Scoring: A composite score for SDG Index is computed in the range of 0–100 for each State/UT based on its aggregate performance across 16 SDGs.
  • The higher the score of a State/UT, the closer it is towards achieving the 2030 national targets.
  • Classification: States/UTs are classified based on the SDG India Index Score as follows:
    • Aspirant: 0–49
    • Performer: 50–64
    • Front Runner: 65–99
    • Achiever: 100
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