Protected Planet Report 2020 – UPSC Prelims

Protected Planet Report 2020:
  • Released by: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • Purpose: 
    • The report takes stock of measures taken to fulfil the aims of Aichi Target 11.
    • Aichi Target 11 called for protecting 17% of Earth’s land and 10% of its marine environments by 2020.
  • Further, the report also lays the groundwork for a new framework aimed at protecting nature. It will be decided upon at the UN Biodiversity Conference, scheduled for October 2021 in Kunming, China.
  • Report is the first to include data on other effective area-based conservation measures(OECM) taken outside protected areas. OECM conservation designation is given to the areas for achieving effective in-situ biodiversity conservation outside protected areas.
Key Findings:
  • Increase in Protected Areas and OECM: As many as 82% of countries and territories register an increase in the share of protected areas and OECM since 2010.
  • Since 2010, protected areas covering almost a million square kilometres have been added to the global network. This area is greater than the land area of the Russian Federation.
  • Over the 10-year period, the greatest growth in protected areas and OECMs has been in marine and coastal areas. Around 68% of the current network’s area is less than 10 years old.
  • Around 62.6% of key biodiversity areas (KBA) either fully or partially overlap with protected areas and OECMs.
  • Key Biodiversity Areas(KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems.
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