Satkosia Tiger Reserve – UPSC Prelims

Satkosia Tiger Reserve
  • Satkosia Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve located in the Angul district of Odisha.
  • Satkosia was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1976.
  • It is spread along the magnificent gorge over the mighty river Mahanadi in Odisha.
  • The name Satkosia originates from two words; sat meaning seven and kos meaning two miles, indicating the length of the gorge as 14 miles or 22 km.
  • The area was declared as Satkosia Tiger Reserve in 2007, comprising two adjoining wildlife sanctuaries; the Satkosia Gorge sanctuary and Baisipalli sanctuary. The Reserve is spread over 4 districts like; Angul, Cuttack, Nayagarh and Boudh.
  • Core area of the reserve is also a part of the Mahanadi elephant reserve.
  • Satkosia is the meeting point of two bio-geographic regions of India; the Deccan Peninsula and the Eastern Ghats, contributing immense biodiversity.
  • Species found: The area of Satkosia Tiger Reserve supports moist deciduous forest, dry deciduous forest and moist peninsular Sal forest.
  • This area is the home for Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted deer, Mouse deer, Nilgai, Chousingha, Sloth bear, Wild dog etc.

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