Sankalp Smarak – UPSC

Sankalp Smarak:
  • Sankalp Smarak is a monument dedicated to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • Built in Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  • It is a tribute to the resolve of the soldiers of the Indian National Army and their innumerable sacrifices.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose & Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • During World War II (1942–45), Japan had conquered the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from the British and handed it over to Netaji and his army, the Azad Hind Fauj.
  • Netaji then arrived at Andaman and Nicobar Island on 29th December 1943 and declared the island free from British rule, much before India got its Independence in 1947.
  • On the next day, i.e. 30 December 1943, Netaji hoisted the national flag for the first time on Indian soil, at Port Blair.
  • During his visit, he also visited the Cellular Jail and met the freedom fighters lodged there.
  • Before his departure, he renamed Andaman as Shaheed (“Martyrs”) Island, and Nicobar as Swaraj (“Freedom”) Island.
Significance of Netaji’s visit to Andaman and Nicobar Islands:
  • Netaji’s visit to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands as the Head of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind and Supreme Commander of the Indian National Army marked a symbolic fulfilment of his promise that the Indian National Army would stand on Indian soil by the end of 1943.
  • This historic visit also marked a declaration of Andaman and Nicobar Islands as the “first liberated territory of India”.

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