Samagra Shiksha scheme – UPSC Prelims

Ministry/Department : Ministry of Education
Aims at unifying learning from pre-school to class 12 levels by treating education holistically as continuum from pre-school to class 12.
  • Samagra Shiksha is an Integrated Scheme for School Education. It has been launched throughout the country as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with effect from the year 2018-19.
  • Merged Schemes: The scheme subsumes the three erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE).
  • Coverage: It is an overarching programme for the school education sector, extending from pre-school to class XII. It covers 11.6 lakh schools, over 15.6 crore students, and 57 lakh teachers of government and aided schools (from pre-primary to senior secondary level).
Samagra Shiksha Scheme(SSA) 2.0:  The upgraded version has been aligned with recommendations of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020. Based on this, interventions incorporated are:
  • All child-centric interventions will be provided directly to the students through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode.
  • Provision of up to Rs 500 per child for Teaching Learning Materials for pre-primary sections in Government Schools.
  • For disabled children and children belonging to the SC/ST community in the age bracket of 16-19 years, ₹2,000 will be provided per child to complete their secondary/senior secondary levels through NIOS/SOS.
  • Additional Sports grant of up to Rs. 25000 to schools in case at least 2 students of that school win a medal in Khelo India school games at the National level.
  • The child tracking provision has been included for ensuring the safety of students of government and government-aided schools.
  • A sum of ₹6,000 per annum will be extended to secondary level school students for availing transport facility
  • Provision of training of master trainers for Anganwadi workers
  • Incinerator and sanitary pad vending machines in all-girls hostels.

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