Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation

  • It is a mechanism
  • It is under negotiation under UNFCC since 2005
  • Its objective is to mitigate climate change through reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management in developing countries.
  • In the last two decades, various studies estimate that land use change, including deforestation and forest degradation, accounts for 12-29% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • For this reason the inclusion of reducing emissions from land use change is considered essential to achieve the objectives of the UNFCCC
  • During the negotiations for the Kyoto Protocol the inclusion of tropical forest management was debated but eventually dropped due to anticipated methodological difficulties in establishing – in particular – additionality and leakage (detrimental effects outside of the project area attributable to project activities)
  • India did not participated in UN-REDD
  • REDDD+ (Defined in Bali Action Plan, 2007, CoP13)
    • What constitutes “+”
      • sustainable management of forests,
      • conservation of forest carbon stocks and
      • enhancement of forest carbon stocks
  • What is the difference between REDD and REDD+?
    1. REDD =  “reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries”
    2. REDD+ (or REDD-plus) = to “reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries”
  • REDD+ is essentially a vehicle to financially reward developing countries for their verified efforts to reduce emissions and enhance removals of greenhouse gases through a variety of forest management option
  • India favours REDD+

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