Quit India Movement

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  • Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or August Movement or August Kranti) was an important milestone in the Indian freedom struggle.
  • It was civil disobedience movement launched at Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee (AICC) by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 demanding an end to British Rule of India.
  • It was launched after Mahatma Gandhi had made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan on 7 August 1942.
  • The movement called for India’s immediate independence and aimed to force British Government to negotiating table by holding Allied war effort hostage.
  • By launching this movement, Gandhiji hoped to bring British government to negotiating table as Cripps Mission had failed and give strong footing against sending Indians to fight on behalf of Britain in World War II.
  • Quit India Resolution drafted by Jawaharlal Nehru and was moved by him on 8th August 1942 in AICCC session and Sardar Patel seconded it.
  • Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, people across India came together to uproot imperialism.