Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR)

  • PFBR has been designed indigenously by Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR).
  • It is pool-type reactor with 1,750 tonnes of sodium as coolant.  
  • It is designed to generate 500 MWe of electrical power, with operational life of 40 years.
  • It generates power by burning mixed uranium-plutonium MOX fuel, a mixture of PuO2 and UO2.
  • PFBR at Kalpakkam was earlier expected to be commissioned in 2012, but has missed several deadlines.
  • PFBR design is build on decades of experience gained from operating lower power Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR).
  • It comes under second stage of India’s three-stage nuclear power programme.
  • Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam (Bhavini), a public sector company under DAE, has been given the responsibility to build these reactors.
  • India is planning to build 21 such reactors by 2030.

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