Private Members Bill – UPSC Prelims

Private Members Bill:
  • Members of Parliament other than ministers are called private members and bills presented by them are known as private member’s bills.
  • A private member bill can be introduced by both ruling party and opposition MPs.
  • They can introduce a bill in the parliament after giving prior notice of one month.
  • The bill needs to be passed in both houses of parliament.
  • Once passed in both the houses, bill needs to get assent of the president to become an act.
  • By set tradition, President can easily exercise his absolute veto power against such bills.
  • In Lok Sabha, the last two and a half hours of a sitting on every Friday are generally allotted for transaction of “Private Members’ Business”, i.e., Private Members’ Bills and Private Members’ Resolutions
Facts about Private Members Bills:
  • Since 1952, only 14 private member’s bills have become laws.
  • Out of the 300 odd private members bills that were introduced in the 14th Lok Sabha, only about 4% were discussed and the rest 96% lapsed without any debate.
Difference between Private Members’ Bill & Public Bill in India
We all have understood that public bills are government bills and private bills are private members’ bill. However, there are a few differences between two which are mentioned in the table below:
Private Member Bill
Public Bill
In either house of  parliament
In either house of  parliament
Introduced by
Any member of the  parliament other than a minister
Chance of Approval in Parliament
Lesser Chance
Greater Chance
Rejection of the bill implies
No effect on the  government’s position
Expression of want  of parliamentary confidence in the government and may lead to its  resignation.
Notice Period for Introduction
One month’s notice
Seven Days’ Notice
Drafting of the Bill
Member who is  introducing it will only draft it
Concerned  Department in consultation with the law department

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top