Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) – USPC Prelims

Ministry/Department : Ministry of Rural Development
Objective: To provide all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations.
Scheme:
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  • The programme envisages connecting all eligible unconnected habitations with :
    • A population of 500 persons and above in plain areas
    • 250 persons and above in Hill States, Tribal (Schedule-V) areas, the Desert Areas (as identified in Desert Development Programme) and 82 Selected Tribal and Backward Districts under Integrated Action Plan (IAP) as identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs/Planning Commission.
  • The programme also has an Upgradation component in order to ensure full farm to market connectivity.
  • The Rural Roads  is one of the six components of Bharat Nirman
  • World Bank has supported PMGSY since its inception.
  • For this scheme, 75 paise per litre has been earmarked out of cess levied on high speed diesel.
  • It considers habitation as unit for providing connectivity and not a revenue village.
  • The scheme encourages use of “Green Technologies” and non-conventional materials (like waste plastic, geo-textiles, fly-ash, iron and copper slag etc) for constructing rural roads.
  • Funding pattern : In ratio of 60:40 between Centre and State for all States except for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan States (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir) for which it is 90:10.
  • PMGSY-Phase II :The Government of India subsequently launched PMGSY-II in 2013 for up-gradation of 50,000 Kms of the existing rural road network to improve its overall efficiency.
  • PMGSY-Phase III: The government of India launched PMGSY-III in 2019 for consolidation of 1,25,000 Km road length by March 2025.
Factual Information:
  • Launched in 2000

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