Polar Science and Cryosphere (PACER) scheme – UPSC Prelims

Ministry : Ministry of Earth Sciences
  • Scheme has been approved for continuation from 2021 to 2026.
  • PACER encompasses the following components:
    • Construction of polar research vessel
    • Construction of the third research base in Antarctica
    • Indian scientific endeavours in the Arctic
    • Polar expeditions-Antarctica
    • Southern Ocean Expedition
  • It is implemented through the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR).
Major Works under this Scheme:
  • Understanding of Biogeochemical Processes: Field-based studies were conducted in the lakes of Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica for the understanding of biogeochemical processes in supraglacial environments.
  • IndARC System: The IndARC mooring system along with the Hydrophone system was successfully retrieved and deployed in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard.
  • Research Studies in Himalayas: Glaciological field campaigns were carried out in six benchmark glaciers in Chandra basin of Lahaul-Spiti region of Western Himalaya.
  • Automatic Weather Station (AWS) Systems: Two new Automatic Weather Station (AWS) systems were installed at Baralacha La, a high elevation site in the arid Spiti region to strengthen infrastructure across the Chandra basin.
  • Southern Ocean Expedition :The 11th Indian Southern Ocean Expedition was executed successfully.
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