Petroleum coke

  • Petroleum coke, also called pet coke or petcoke, is a solid carbon material that resembles coal.
  • Petroleum coke is a by-product of the oil refining process.
  • As refineries worldwide seek to operate more efficiently and extract more gasoline and other high value fuels from each barrel of crude oil, a solid carbon material known as petcoke is produced. 
  • Petroleum coke or Pet Coke is used by industries as fuel and contains various dangerous chemicals and heavy metals such as Chromium, Vanadium, etc
  • Pet coke also has high Sulphur contents which on burning releases large amounts of Sulphates into the atmosphere
  • These harmful chemicals cause air pollution and lead to various health risks
  • Why in news? The Supreme Court directed the prohibition of industrial use of pet coke and furnace oil in NCR regions from November 1, 2017.

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