PAVA Shells

  • It is an alternative to pellet guns for crowd controlling in Jammu and Kashmir
  • The PAVA shells contain Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide, an organic compound (also known as Nonivamide) found in chilli pepper.
  • It causes severe irritation and paralyses target for a short duration
  • It is considered to be bio-safe and less lethal than pellet guns but equally effective.
  • The PAVA shells once fired burst out to temporarily stun, immobilise the target (protesters) in a more effective way compared to tear gas shell or pepper sprays
  • The approval for use of PAVA shells was based on recommendation of TVSN Prasad Committee

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