Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

  • OPCW is an intergovernmental organization that promotes, administers and verifies the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).
  • This convention outlaws production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.
  • 193 member-states have signed and ratified this convention including India.
  • Six states- Angola, Egypt, Israel, Myanmar, North Korea and South Sudan are still outside the CWC.
  • OPCW was established April 1997
  • It is headquartered in Hague, Netherlands.
  • It was awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 2013 for overseeing global endeavour for permanent and verifiable elimination of chemical weapons.
  • Powers:
    • The OPCW is authorized to perform inspections to verify that signatory states are complying with the convention.
    • It can also perform testing of sites and victims of suspected chemical weapons attacks.
  • Relations with UN:
    • OPCW is not a United Nations(UN) organization.
    • However, by the 2001 Relationship Agreement between the OPCW and the UN, the OPCW reports on its inspections and other activities to the UN through the office of the Secretary-General.