Operation Greens – UPSC Prelims

Ministry/Department :  Ministry of Food Processing Industries
Aims to promote farmer producers organisations, processing facilities, agri-logistics and professional management.
  • It also aims to aid farmers and help control and limit erratic fluctuations in the prices of all Perishable Fruits & Vegetables.
  • Earlier scheme was limited to tomatoes, onions and potatoes (TOP). Extended to all.
  • It is essentially price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce.
  • The idea behind it is to double the income of farmers by the end of 2022.
  • Its major objectives are:
    • Price stabilisation for producers and consumers by proper production planning in clusters.
    • Reduction in post-harvest losses by creation of farm gate infrastructure, development of suitable agro-logistics, and creation of appropriate storage capacity linking consumption centres.
    • Enhance value realisation of farmers by targeted interventions to strengthen production clusters and their FPOs,
    • Increase in food processing capacities and value addition in value chain.
    • Set up of market intelligence network to collect and collate real time data on demand and supply and price of TOP crops.
  • National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) will be nodal agency to implement price stabilisation measures.
  • Pattern of Assistance: Ministry will provide subsidy 50 % of the cost of the following two components subject to the cost norms:
    • Transportation of eligible crops from surplus production cluster to consumption centre and/or
    • Hiring of appropriate storage facilities for eligible crops (for a maximum period of 3 months).

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