One Planet Summit – UPSC Prelims

  • One Planet Summit: 
    • It has been organised by France in cooperation with the United Nations and the World Bank.
    • The High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People which was launched in 2019 by Costa Rica, France and Britain to set a target of protecting at least 30% of the planet by 2030 has been joined by 50 countries.
    • The summit also launched a program called PREZODE which is an international initiative to prevent the emergence of zoonotic diseases and pandemics, which is already mobilizing over 400 researchers and experts across the world.
    • The summit also focused on investment for Africa’s Great Green Wall project, which involves gigantic efforts to stop the Sahara Desert from spreading further south.
  • Objective: The summit focuses on four major topics :
    1. protecting terrestrial and marine ecosystems;
    2. promoting agroecology  i.e. more sustainable way to grow food 
    3. increasing funding to protect biodiversity and 
    4. identifying links between deforestation and the health of humans and animals.
  • Theme: “Let’s act together for nature!”.
  • Key Takeaways:
    • At least 50 countries committed to protecting 30% of the planet, including land and sea, over the next decade to halt species extinction and address climate change issues.
    • However, the officials of the US, Russia, India and Brazil were absent at the summit.

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