One Horned Rhinoceros – UPSC Prelims

One Horned Rhinoceros:
  • The Indian rhinoceros, also called the Indian rhino, greater one-horned rhinoceros or great Indian rhinoceros is a rhinoceros species native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • IUCN Red List : Vulnerable
  • Indian rhinos once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, but excessive hunting and agricultural development reduced its range drastically to 11 sites in northern India and southern Nepal.
  • Today, approximately 75% of the entire population of Greater One-horned Rhinoceros now occurs in India in three states viz, Assam, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
  • The Census of Rhinoceros is undertaken at the State-level by the respective State Governments periodically.
  • It has been listed in CITES Appendix I since 1975.
  • Population of One Horned Rhinoceros increased in recent years. In 2022, the census put the estimated number of rhinos at Kaziranga National Park at 2,613.

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