Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)

Treaty aims to:
  • Prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology.
  • Promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
  • Nuclear disarmament.
  • The three objectives viz. non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to peacefully use of nuclear technology, are sometimes called three pillars of NPT.
  • The treaty entered into force in 1970 and in 1995 it was extended indefinitely. It has 191 parties.
  • All the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council are among its members.
  • India, Pakistan & Israel have not signed the treaty.
  • North Korea acceded to the NPT in 1985, then withdrew in 2003.
  • The Treaty represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.

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