Nuclear Command Authority (NCA)

  • NCA is India’s nodal authority responsible for command, control and operational decisions regarding India’s nuclear weapons programme.
  • It has Executive Council and Political Council.
  • The NCA’s directives are executed by the Strategic Forces Command
  • The Executive Council is chaired by the National Security Adviser (NSA).
  • It gives inputs to the Political Council, which authorises a nuclear attack if need be.
  • The Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and is advised by the Executive Council.
  • This separation of power mechanism is meant to ensure that the nuclear weapons are under civilian control (elected government). Besides it act as a Command and Control (C2) mechanism prevents their accidental or unauthorised use.
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