Non Communicable Disease

  • A non-communicable disease is a non-infectious health condition that cannot be spread from person to person. It also lasts for a long period of time. This is also known as a chronic disease.
  • A combination of genetic, physiological, lifestyle, and environmental factors can cause these diseases. Some risk factors include:
    1. unhealthy diets
    2. lack of physical activity
    3. smoking and second hand smoke
    4. excessive use of alcohol
  • Noncommunicable diseases kill around 40 million people each year. This is about 70 percent of all deaths worldwide.
  • Noncommunicable diseases affect people belonging to all age groups, religions, and countries.
  • Noncommunicable diseases are often associated with older people. However, 15 million annual deaths from noncommunicable diseases occur among people aged 30 to 69.
  • More than 85 percent of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries and in vulnerable communities where access to preventative healthcare is lacking.
  • Some noncommunicable diseases are more common than others. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

 

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