Non-Banking Financial Company

What is a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)?
  • A NBFC is a financial institution that provides banking services without meeting the legal definition of a bank, i.e. one that does not hold a banking license.
  • It is established as a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 but its operations are often still covered under a country’s banking regulations.
  • NBFCs may be engaged in the business of loans and credit facilities, savings products, investments and money transfer services.
  • The Reserve Bank of India is entrusted with the responsibility of regulating and supervising the Non-Banking Financial Companies by virtue of powers vested under Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934
What is difference between banks and NBFCs?
  • NBFCs business activities are akin to that of banks as they can lend and make investments; however there are a few differences between them.
  • NBFCs cannot accept demand deposits.
  • They cannot issue cheques as they do not form part of the payment and settlement system.
  • Deposit insurance facility of Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation is not available to depositors of NBFCs, unlike in case of banks.