NIPUN Bharat Mission – UPSC Prelims

Ministry: Ministry of Education
Aim: To create an enabling environment to ensure universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy.
NIPUN Bharat Mission:
  • It will enable every child to achieve the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy by the end of Grade 3 by 2026-27.
  • Implementation: NIPUN Bharat will be implemented by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
  • Mechanism: A five-tier implementation mechanism will be set up at the national- state- district- block- school level in all states and UTs for the mission.
  • Funding: No additional funding is being allocated for the mission. Instead, money is being allocated from the Samagra Shiksha scheme, which saw a 20% drop in its budget in 2021.
  • Significance: Foundational literacy and numeracy is one of the goals under the National Education Policy 2020.
  • Initially, the policy had included a 2025 deadline to achieve this goal. But the target has been extended to 2026-27, given that COVID-19 has already disrupted two academic years.
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