National Mission on the Use of Biomass – UPSC Prelims

Aim: It aims to address the issue of air pollution by farm-stubble burning and reduce the carbon footprints of thermal power generation.
Mission:
  • It will promote the use of Biomass in Thermal Power Plants to increase the present level of co-firing at 5% from biomass to a higher level.
  • Research and Development in boiler design will be taken up so that it can handle the higher amount of alkalis and silica present in biomass pellets.
  • It will also sort out the constraints in the supply chain of biomass pellets and agro-residue to the power plants.
  • Duration: The duration of the proposed National Mission would be a minimum of 5 years.
  • Significance: The proposed National Mission on biomass will also contribute to the National Clean Air Programme(NCAP).
Note:
Co-firing is a low-cost option for efficiently and cleanly converting biomass to electricity. It adds biomass as a partial substitute fuel in high-efficiency coal boilers.