National Hydrology Project (NHP) – UPSC GS1

Objective is to improve ability to forecast floods and reduce vulnerability to recurring floods and droughts.
  • NHP was launched by Ministry of Water Resources in 2016-17.
  • It is World Bank assisted central sector scheme with pan India coverage.
  • It aims at improving extent, quality, and accessibility of water resources information, decision support system for floods and basin level resource planning and strengthen capacity of institutions in India.
  • It is expected to take forward the success of the Hydrology Project-I and Hydrology Project-II by covering the entire country, including the states along the Ganga and Brahmaputra-Barak basins.
  • Earlier Project-I and Project-II were limited only to large river systems viz. Krishna and Satluj-Beas.
  • They had established real-time flood forecast systems to give reservoir managers an accurate picture of the water situation in their region.
  • The early forecast had increased the time available for early flood warnings and improved flood management preparation from hours to days, saving hundreds of lives and avoided flood damages of $65 million a year.
Benefits of NHP:
  • It will strengthen the capacity of existing institutions to assess the water situation and equip them with real-time flood forecast systems across the country.
  • It will help the states monitor all the important aspects of the hydro-meteorological cycle and adopt the procedures laid out in the earlier projects.
  • It will help communities to plan in advance to build resilience against flooding and droughts due to uncertainties of climate change.
  • It will reduce the vulnerability of many regions to recurring floods and droughts as absence of real-time ground information for the entire country creates difficulties in issuing alerts on time.
NOTE: NHP can be mentioned in answers related to Floods, Drought, Water Management etc.

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