National Bamboo Mission – UPSC Prelims

National Bamboo Mission:
  • It was initially started as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in 2006-07.
  • The mission was later subsumed under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH) during 2014-15 and continued till 2015-16.
Restructured National Bamboo Mission:
  • The restructured National Bamboo Mission(NBM) was launched in 2018-19 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Objectives of the mission:
  • To increase the area under bamboo plantation in non-forest Government and private lands. This is to supplement farm income and contribute towards resilience to climate change.
  • To improve post-harvest management through the establishment of innovative primary processing units. These units were particularly located near the source of production, primary treatment, and seasoning plants, and market infrastructure.
  • To promote product development at micro, small and medium levels and feed bigger industry.
  • To rejuvenate the underdeveloped bamboo industry in India.
  • To promote skill development, capacity building, awareness generation for the development of the bamboo sector.
  • To reduce dependency on the import of bamboo and bamboo products.
Key Features of the mission:
  • Hub and Spoke Model: The Mission is being implemented in a hub (industry) and spoke model. The main goal is to connect farmers to markets. This enables farmers to get a ready market for the bamboo.
  • Subsidy: Under the mission, a direct subsidy of 50% is given to farmers at Rs 1.00 lakh per ha.  There is also a subsidy for entrepreneurs to set up various product development units.
  • Implementation: The Mission is presently implemented by 21 States. This includes all the 9 States of the North Eastern Region(NER). In NER the Mission is implemented through the respective State Bamboo Missions.

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