National Action Plan on Climate Change

  • Released in 2008
  • Outlines existing and future policies and programs addressing climate mitigation and adaptation.
  • The plan identifies eight core “national missions” running through 2017.
  • Emphasizing the overriding priority of maintaining high economic growth rates to raise living standards, the plan “identifies measures that promote our development objectives while also yielding co-benefits for addressing climate change effectively.”
  • 8 National Missions
    • National Solar Mission:
      • The NAPCC aims to promote the development and use of solar energy for power generation and other uses with the ultimate objective of making solar competitive with fossil-based energy options. The plan includes:
        • Specific goals for increasing use of solar thermal technologies in urban areas, industry, and commercial establishments;
        • A goal of increasing production of photovoltaic to 1000 MW/year; and
        • A goal of deploying at least 1000 MW of solar thermal power generation.
      • Other objectives include the establishment of a solar research centre, increased international collaboration on technology development, strengthening of domestic manufacturing capacity, and increased government funding and international support.
    • National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency:
      • Initiatives based on increasing the energy use efficiency were expected to yield savings of 10,000 MW by 2012.
      • Building on the Energy Conservation Act 2001, the plan recommends:
        • Mandating specific energy consumption decreases in large energy-consuming industries, with a system for companies to trade energy-savings certificates;
        • Energy incentives, including reduced taxes on energy-efficient appliances; and
        • Financing for public-private partnerships to reduce energy consumption through demand-side management programs in the municipal, buildings and agricultural sectors.
    • National Mission on Sustainable Habitat:
      • To promote energy efficiency as a core component of urban planning, the plan calls for:
        • Extending the existing Energy Conservation Building Code;
        • A greater emphasis on urban waste management and recycling, including power production from waste;
        • Strengthening the enforcement of automotive fuel economy standards and using pricing measures to encourage the purchase of efficient vehicles; and
        • Incentives for the use of public transportation.
    • National Water Mission:
      • With water scarcity projected to worsen as a result of climate change, the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.
    • National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem:
      • The plan aims to conserve biodiversity, forest cover, and other ecological values in the Himalayan region, where glaciers that are a major source of India’s water supply are projected to recede as a result of global warming.
    • National Mission for a Green India:
      • Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India’s territory.
    • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture:
      • The plan aims to support climate adaptation in agriculture through the development of climate-resilient crops, expansion of weather insurance mechanisms, and agricultural practices.
    • National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change:
      • To gain a better understanding of climate science, impacts and challenges, the plan envisions a new Climate Science Research Fund, improved climate modelling, and increased international collaboration.
      • It also encourages private sector initiatives to develop adaptation and mitigation technologies through venture capital funds.

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