Monuments of National Importance – UPSC Prelims

  • Nodal Authority: Monuments of National Importance are designated by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
  • What is a National Monument? ‘Ancient Monument’ is defined under the Ancient Monument and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act,1958. The Act defines Ancient Monument as any structure or monument or any cave, rock-sculpture, an inscription that is of historical, archaeological interest. Further, Ancient Monument has to be in existence for not less than 100 years.
  • Maintained by: The Central Government is authorised to maintain, protect and promote the Monuments of National Importance.
  • Sites: Currently, 3,691 monuments nationwide are protected by the Archaeological Survey of India(ASI). The highest number of them were in Uttar Pradesh followed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

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