Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture – UPSC Prelims

Ministry/Department : Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
  • A Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  • Launched during XII plan
  • It integrates the ongoing schemes of
    • National Horticulture Mission,
    • Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States,
    • National Bamboo Mission,
    • National Horticulture Board,
    • Coconut Development Board and
    • Central Institute for Horticulture, Nagaland.
  • Coverage: The scheme covers fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops. The scheme also covers mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew and cocoa.
  • Funding: Under the scheme,
    • The government of India(GOI) contributes 60% of the total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in the North East and the Himalayas.
    • In the case of the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%.
    • In the case of the following the GOI contributes 100%.
      • National Horticulture Board(NHB),
      • Coconut Development Board(CDB),
      • Central Institute for Horticulture(CIH)
      • The National Level Agencies(NLA)
  • The Missions aims to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, including bamboo and coconut through area based regionally differentiated strategies, which includes research, technology promotion, extension, post-harvest management, processing and marketing.
  • It takes into consideration comparative  advantage of each State/ region and its diverse agro-climatic features;
  • To encourage aggregation of farmers into farmer groups like FIGs/FPOs and FPCs to bring economy of scale and scope;
  • To enhance horticulture production, augment farmers income and strengthen nutritional security and improve productivity by way of quality germplasm, planting material and water use efficiency through Micro Irrigation.
Factual Information:
  • Started in 2014-15

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