Medaram Jatara Festival – UPSC Prelims

Medaram Jatara Festival:
  • Medaram Jatara is also known as Sammakka Saralamma Jatara.
  • It is celebrated by the Koya Tribal Community of Telangana for four days.
  • It is a tribal festival honouring the fight of a mother and daughter, Sammakka and Saralamma, with the reigning rulers against an unjust law.
  • It is celebrated in the state of Telangana.
  • The Jatra begins at Medaram in Tadvai Mandal in Warangal district.
  • Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, the largest surviving forest belt in the region.
  • It is celebrated once in two years in the month of “Magha” (February) on the full moon day.
  • People offer bangaram/gold (jaggery) of a quantity equal to their weight to the goddesses and take holy bath in Jampanna Vagu, a tributary to River Godavari.
  • It was declared a State Festival in 1996.
  • It is the second-largest fair of India, after the Kumbh Mela.