Lokayukta – UPSC Prelims

  • The Lokayukta is an autonomous anti-corruption agency formed to keep a check on corruption in the government.
  • The Lokayukta is an official appointed by the government to represent the interests of the public.
  • Administrative Reforms Commissions under Morarji Desai submitted a report which recommended the creation of two special authorities, Lokayukta and Lokpal to redress citizen grievances.
  • The Lokayukta is usually a former High Court Chief Justice or former Supreme Court judge.
  • The functions largely depend upon the jurisdiction vested by the states through legislation.
  • Maharashtra was the first state to introduce Lokayukta through the Maharashtra Lokayukta Act in 1971.
  • The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act was passed in Parliament in 2013.
Functions of Lokayukta:
  • The functions include investigation of allegations of corruption and mal-administration against public servants.
  • Lokayukta is tasked with timely redressal of public grievances.
  • Lokayukta investigates cases of corruption committed at the state level and recommends actions against them.
  • To bring transparency in the system and make administrative machinery citizen-friendly.
  • Lokayukta protects Citizens’ Rights against corruption, delay, inefficiency, non-transparency, abuse of position, improper conduct, etc.

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