Large Area Certification Scheme – UPSC Prelims

Ministry / Department: Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare(DAC&FW).
Large Area Certification Scheme:
  • This scheme is launched under flagship scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY) has launched the Large Area Certification Scheme.
  • Process for Large Area Certification:
    • Under LAC, each village in the area is considered as one cluster/group. Documentations are simple and maintained village-wise.
    • All farmers with their farmland and livestock need to adhere to the standard requirements. After verification, they will get certified as a group. Once issued they don’t need to go under conversion period.
    • Certification is renewed on annual basis through annual verification. Annual verification is a process of peer appraisals as per the process of PGS-India.
  • Benefits of Large Area Certification:
    • As per the established norm of organic production systems, the areas having chemical input usage history will have to undergo a transition period of a minimum of 2-3 years to qualify as organic.
    • On the other hand, the LAC requirements are simple. The area can be certified as organic almost immediately. Further, the LAC is a Quick certification process that is cost-effective. Apart from that, the farmers do not have to wait for 2-3 years for marketing PGS organic certified products.
  • Why in news?
    • The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare has conferred a land area in the Andaman and Nicobar with organic certification. This is the first large contiguous territory conferred with the organic certification under the ‘Large Area Certification’ (LAC) scheme.
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