Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban) – UPSC Prelims

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
Objective: To provide universal coverage of water supply to all households in all 4,378 statutory towns, through functional taps.
Duration: The duration of the mission is over five years.
Features of the Mission:
  • It will rejuvenate the water bodies to facilitate sustainable freshwater supply and the creation of green spaces.
  • It will promote a circular economy of water through the development of city water balance plan in each city. The plan will focus on recycling/reuse of treated sewage water and water conservation. 20% of water demand is to be met by reused water.
  • Awareness Campaign: Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) campaign is proposed. It will spread awareness among the masses about the conservation of water.
  • Pey Jal Survekshan will be conducted in cities. It will ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater, and mapping of water bodies
  • Technology Submission For water: It is proposed to leverage the latest global technologies in the field of water.
  • PPP Model: The mission has mandated that cities having a million plus population will take up PPP projects. These projects shall constitute a minimum of 10% of their total project fund allocation.
  • For Union Territories, there will be 100% central funding.
  • For North Eastern and Hill States, central funding for projects will be 90%.
  • Central funding will be 50% for cities with less than 1 lakh population, one-third for cities with 1 lakh to 10 lakh population, and 25% for cities with million plus population.
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