Khajuraho Temple

  • It is a group of Hindu and Jain Temples in Madhya Pradesh
  • Built by Chandela Dynasty between 950 and 1050 AD.
  • Situated : within the Vindhya Mountain range in Central India.
  • It is a UNESCO World heritage Site.
  • The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures (about 10% of total sculptures).
  • The temples at Khajuraho are all made of Sandstone.
  • The temples are categorized into three groups that are Eastern, Western and Southern.
  • The largest temple at Khajuraho is the Kandariya Mahadeva temple which is attributed to king Ganda.
  • All the towers or shikhara of temple rise high, upward in curved pyramidal fashion, emphasizing temple’s vertical thrust ending in horizontal fluted disc called Amalaka topped with Kalasha or vase.
  • The erotic expression of sculptures in these temples gives equal importance in human experience as a spiritual pursuit, and it is seen as a part of the larger cosmic whole.
  • Mentions:
    • The first documented mention of Khajuraho was made in 641 by Xuanzang, a Chinese pilgrim.
    • Later, Khajuraho temples also found mention by Abu Raihan al Biruni in AD 1022 and the Arab traveler Ibn Battuta in AD 1335.
  • Government Initiatives: Ministry of Tourism included Khajuraho Temples as one of the sites under the “Iconic Tourist Sites Initiative”.
Note: The 10th-century Bhand Deva Temple in Rajasthan was built in the style of the Khajuraho monuments and is often referred to as ‘Little Khajuraho’.

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