Kaziranga National Park – UPSC Prelims

Kaziranga National Park:
  • It is a national park in the state of Assam, India.
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The sanctuary hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. Rhinos are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species.
  • Tigers: Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world, and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006
  • Fauna: The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer
  • Important Bird Area: Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species
  • When compared with other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation
  • Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility
  • Flora: Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, criss-crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water
  • The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.

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