Kailasa temple

 

  • The construction of the temple began during the rule of the Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga (735-757 AD).
  • Major work on the temple was done by King Dantidurga’s successor, Krishna I (757-773 AD), although work continued under many successive kings for more than a century.
  • It is located in Ellora, Maharashtra.

 

Facts

  • There are 34 caves in Ellora, numbered according to their age.
  • Temples 1 to 12 in the Southern side are the 12 Buddhist caves.
  • Temples 13 to 29 are the 17 Hindu caves.
  • Temples 30 – 34 are the 5 Jain caves.
  • The Kailasanatha temple (Cave 16) is one of the 34 cave temples and monasteries known collectively as the Ellora Caves.

 

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Features

  • The carving of the temple started from the top of the mountain but a pit was later dug around the temple on the sloping side of the hill
  • Apart from the gopura , the main temple has a sabha griha ( hall), vestibules and a Nandi mandap which leads to the garba griha (sanctum) with the Shiv linga, all of which are profusely carved and with Dravidian shikharas (towers). A bridge connects the Nandi mandap to the gopuram .

 

Cultural Link

  • The temple houses several intricately carved panels, depicting scenes from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the adventures of Krishna.
  • There are five detached shrines in the temple premises; three of these are dedicated to the river goddesses: Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati.