Jaapi, Xorai and Gamosa – UPSC Prelims

About Jaapi:
  • Jaapi is a conical hat made of bamboo and covered with dried tokou leaves (Tokou is a palm tree found in the rainforests of Upper Assam).
  • Uses:
    • Jaapi is most often used in official functions in Assam to felicitate guests.
    • Jaapi is also used by farmers in Assam. They used them to protect themselves from the harsh weather, both sun and rain, while working in the fields.
About Xorai:
  • Xorai is essentially a tray with a stand at the bottom with or without a cover. It can be found in every Assamese household.
  • Uses:
    • Xorai is primarily used as an offering tray during prayers. They are also used to serve tamale-paan (betel-nut) to guests.
    • It is also presented along with the jaapi and gamosa while felicitating someone.
    • Made of: The bulk of xorai in Assam are made in the state’s bell metal hub Sarthebari in the Bajali district.
About Gamosa:
  • Gamosa is an article of significance for the people of Assam. It is generally a white rectangular piece of cloth with primarily a red border on three sides and red woven motifs on the fourth.
  • Made: Cotton yarn is the most common material used for making gamosa. But on special occasions, they are also made from Pat silk.
  • Uses: It can be used at home as a towel (uka gamosa) or in public functions (phulam/floral gamosa). This is also used to felicitate dignitaries or celebrities.

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