International Organisation for Migration

  • IOM is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including refugees, internally displaced persons and migrant workers.
  • IOM was established in 1951 as Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) to help resettle people displaced by World War II.
  • It was granted Permanent Observer status to UN General Assembly in 1992
  • Cooperation agreement between IOM and the UN was signed in 1996.
  • IOM works in four broad areas of migration management: 
    1. Migration and development,
    2. Facilitating migration,
    3. Regulating migration and
    4. Forced migration.
  • It has 166 member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries.
  • India is a member of IOM.