International Law Commission – UPSC Prelims

International Law Commission
  • It is a body of experts responsible for helping develop and codify international law.
  • It is composed of 34 individuals recognized for their expertise and qualifications in international law, who are elected by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) every five years.
  • First Session: The Commission held its first session in 1949. Its initial work was influenced by the Second World War and subsequent concerns about international crimes such as genocide and acts of aggression.
  • Functions: The ILC has since held annual sessions at the U.N. Office at Geneva to discuss and debate various topics in international law and develop international legal principles accordingly. It is responsible for several foundational developments in international law, including the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, which establishes a framework for forming and interpreting treaties, and the International Criminal Court, the first permanent tribunal tasked with adjudicating offenses such as genocide and crimes against humanity.

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