Indian Neutrino Observatory – UPSC Prelims

Indian Neutrino Observatory:
  • It is a particle physics research project under construction to primarily study atmospheric neutrinos in a 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) deep cave
  • Located in Bodi West Hills, Theni district, Tamil Nadu. (See map, hills, rivers nearby)
  • Underground project
  • Jointly supported by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST)
What are neutrinos?
  • Neutrinos are second most widely occurring particle in universe
  • Neutrinos are found in three forms (e, mu and tau).
  • It is charge less (electrically neutral), thereby enabling it to travel through planets, stars, rocks, human bodies without any interaction; and
  • This characteristic has opened new domains for humanity
Why in news?
  • The National Green Tribunal stayed the neutrino project in Theni, Tamil Nadu, pending approval from the National Board for Wildlife.
  • Tamil Nadu has conveyed to the Supreme Court that it does not want the Indian Neutrino Observatory (INO) to be set up in a sensitive ecological zone in the Western Ghats.

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