Hepatitis – UPSC Prelims

  • Hepatitis is a medical condition in which there occurs inflammation of liver cells and its complications vary with type of infection.
  • There are 5 types of hepatitis viz. A, B, C, D and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus.
  • Hepatitis viruses is one of the common cause of liver damage
  • Hepatitis B and C are the most deadly. These two types are mostly responsible for liver damage.
  • Hepatitis viruses B, C and D spread by contact with contaminated blood or body fluids.
  • Hepatitis A and E spreads through unsafe food and drink.
  • Symptoms include yellowing of the skin and eyes, abdominal pain and swelling, yellow urine, pale or dark stools, chronic fatigue, nausea and loss of appetite.

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