Guru Gobind Singh – UPSC Prelims

Guru Gobind Singh:
  • Guru Gobind Singh was the 10th Sikh guru.
  • He was born in Patna, Bihar in 1666.
  • He became the Sikh guru at the age of nine, following the demise of his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru.
  • He founded the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699.
  • He introduced the turban to cover the hair along with the principles of Khalsa or the five ‘K’s.
  • He laid the rules of Khalsa warriors, like abstaining from tobacco, alcohol, halal meat, and imbibing the duty of protecting innocent people from prosecution.
  • He named Guru Granth Sahib as the religious text of the Khalsa and the Sikhs.
  • He fought against the Mughals in the Battle of Muktsar in 1705.
  • He also wrote the Zafarnama which was a letter to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top