Great Indian Bustard – UPSC Prelims

  • It is found in the exclusively in north-western plains particularly parts of Rajasthan and also Pakistan.
  • It is one of the heaviest flying birds.
  • IUCN Status : critically endangered bird with less than 150 birds left in the wild.
  • Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act,1972: Schedule I
  • CITES: Appendix I
  • Threats:
    • Death by collision with infrastructure, particularly power lines and wind turbines,
    • Depletion of grasslands,
    • hunting,
    • development of mines and human habitation in and around their habitats among others.
  • It is the state bird of Rajasthan.
  • Conservation Initiatives:
    • Project Great Indian Bustard: It was launched by Rajasthan Government with the objective of conservation of the remaining population of critically endangered Great Indian Bustard(Ardeotis nigriceps) locally called Godawan.
Firefly Bird Diverters:
  • These are flaps installed on power lines, a reason for many death among GIB.
  • They work as reflectors for bird species like the GIB. Birds can spot them from a distance of about 50 meters and change their path of flight to avoid collision with power lines.

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