Global Drug Policy Index 2021 – UPSC Prelims

Global Drug Policy Index:
  • Released by: Harm Reduction Consortium
  • Purpose: It is a unique tool that documents, measures and compares national-level drug policies, providing each country with a score and ranking that shows how much their drug policies and their implementation align with the UN principles of human rights, health and development.
  • Parameters: It is composed of 75 indicators running across five broad dimensions of drug policy: criminal justice, extreme responses, health and harm reduction, access to internationally controlled medicines and development. Based on these indicators, each country is then given a total score ranging from 0 to 100 with 100 as the highest score.
What are the rankings of the index?
  • India: India’s rank is 18 out of 30 countries. It has an overall score of 46/100.
  • Topped by: Norway has topped the Index with a score of 74/100.It was followed by New Zealand, Portugal, the UK and Australia.
  • Lowest Ranking Countries: Brazil, Uganda, Indonesia, Kenya, and Mexico.
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