European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN)


  • CERN is world’s largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory.
  • It is situated in North West suburbs of Geneva on France-Swiss Border.
  • It was established in  .
  • Members: It has 22 member states, four associate member states (including India and Pakistan) and three International Organisations have observer status.
  • Functions:
    • The laboratory helps scientists and engineers probing fundamental structure of Universe using the most sophisticated scientific instruments and advanced computing systems
    • Provide the necessary infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research including particle accelerators.
  • Achievements:
    • CERN operates the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) which is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator.
    • It is associated with the discovery of the Higgs Boson which is popularly known as the God particle.
    • Indian scientists has been active in construction of the LHC in the areas of design, development and supply of hardware accelerator components, software development and deployment in the machine.
    • They also had played significant role in the CMS (Compact Muon Experiment), one of the two large experiments that led to discovery of God particle.
  • Why in news? India has become an associate member.

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