Democracy Report 2022: Autocratisation Changing Nature? – UPSC Prelims

Democracy Report 2022:
  • Report prepared by V-Dem Institute at Sweden’s University of Gothenburg.
  • The Report is titled ‘Democracy Report 2022: Autocratisation Changing Nature?’.
  • The report classifies countries into four regime types based on their score in the Liberal Democratic Index (LDI):
    • Liberal Democracy
    • Electoral Democracy
    • Electoral Autocracy
    • Closed Autocracy
  • Findings:
    • Level of democracy enjoyed by the average global citizen in 2021 is down to 1989 levels, with the democratic gains of the post-Cold War period eroding rapidly in the last few years.
    • One of the biggest drivers of autocratisation is “toxic polarisation”.
    • Sweden topped the LDI index.
  • India’s Performance:
    • India is part of a broader global trend of an anti-plural political party driving a country’s autocratisation.
    • It was ranked 93rd in the LDI, India figures in the “bottom 50%” of countries.
    • It has slipped further down in the Electoral Democracy Index, to 100, and even lower in the Deliberative Component Index, at 102.
    • In South Asia, India is ranked below Sri Lanka (88), Nepal (71), and Bhutan (65) and above Pakistan (117) in the LDI.